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Tips to Declutter and Organize Your Home for Seniors and Individuals with Special Needs

Behavior Education Services, provider of ABA services

Tips to Declutter and Organize Your Home for Seniors and Individuals with Special Needs

Aside from making modifiable renovations to a home to better accommodate equipment such as wheelchairs or walkers, some simple decluttering and organizing can help ensure your home, or that of a loved one, remains a safe, comfortable, and familiar place of them to live long-term. A disorganized, or cluttered home on the other hand, could pose serious health risks to seniors and disabled persons. For example, a cluttered living room with too many closely placed pieces of furniture could pose a trip and fall risk. Or a bathroom medicine cabinet packet with expired medications could pose a safety risk if an individual with a cognitive disability becomes confused as to which medication to take.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), falls are the leading cause of injury deaths for Americans age 65 and older. Each year about one-third of seniors fall at least once.
e. Such home accidents could lead to health complications and serious injuries, such as hip fractures, head traumas, and in the worst cases, death.

In addition, according to the Community for Health Strategies, individuals with intellectual disabilities are 4 to 6 times more likely than the general population to die in a fire, a fall, or from drowning, while studies have found that 75 percent of injuries to intellectually disabled youth, occur at home.

About This Guide
For seniors and disabled adults who want to remain in their homes, a decluttered and well-organized living space is essential to personal safety and wellbeing. This guide was designed for seniors, disabled adults, and their caregivers, to offer a room-by-room decluttering and organizing resource. Review the recommendations and best practices in this guide, and plan your own home organization project. By taking a proactive approach to maintaining a clean and tidy home, you and your loved one can live with confidence for as long as possible in home sweet home.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Living Room
Most Americans spend a considerable amount of time in their living rooms. Throughout the day, the living room is the family’s home base for reading, watching television, socializing, and completing other hobbies. Since the living room is a place where we spend so much of our time, it can easily become a place where papers pile up, unnecessary furniture is placed, and knickknacks and souvenirs take up every possible surface area.

A cluttered living room can be difficult to navigate in a wheelchair or with a walker, and it can become a distraction or confusing environment for an adult with a memory or cognitive disability. Follow the tips below to organize your living room to keep the space clutter-free and safe.

Consider Relocating Furniture
If a mobility disability is a new development in your life, consider relocating, or parting with, pieces of furniture that may make navigating your living room a challenge. It can be easy to accumulate furniture, chairs, end tables, and other items throughout several decades living in a home, but ask yourself what pieces you use the most, and which ones no longer fit your needs. Don’t worry about not having enough space for guests. Your day-to-day safety is more important, and any guests will just be happy for the chance to visit. Make sure you have wide areas in your living room that will allow you to pass by using your mobility device, like a walker or wheelchair.

Keep Pet Toys in a Designated Area
It’s estimated that approximately 44 percent of all U.S. households have a dog, and 35 percent have a cat. Pets can be emotionally valuable support animals for seniors and the disabled, however, their toys could pose a trip and fall hazard if left strewn around the living room. If you have a pet in your home, designate a bin, tote, or box to store their toys when not in use.
Install Storage Solutions
If your living room currently has souvenirs, gifts, and photos on every surface, consider installing shelves to move those items off of usable surfaces. You may find that not all of your belongings will fit in your new storage space. Consider which items you truly love and want to keep, and which ones you can part with. If you don’t have room for something, but aren’t ready to part with it either, put it in storage. Just make sure you have usable table space for day-to-day use.

Designate a Storage Space for Reading Material
Books, magazines, and daily newspapers can be another item that can take up space and give a room an untidy appearance. Designate a single area for reading material, such as a basket or conveniently located magazine rack. Every few months, commit to sorting through the rack to recycle or donate items you have read and don’t need anymore.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Home Office
Your home office should serve as a functional work area where you maintain your calendar, pay bills, utilize a desktop computer, and store records. Read our tips to ensure your home office remains clutter-free and functional.

Free Up Space with Digital Record Keeping
The biggest challenge decluttering your home office will likely be organizing your paperwork. For seniors who have spent decades in their homes, or adults with health challenges who have accumulated significant medical records, a home office can quickly turn into a room with piles of papers covering every surface. Maintaining a usable, functional office will be essential to staying organized, especially for adults with memory or cognitive disabilities.

Start decluttering your home office by sorting your files. Shred any records you are sure you no longer need. Keep your shredder in a place that is easy to reach and access, but not in a place that could cause a trip and fall incident. For all other files that you want to keep, but don’t need to maintain as originals, create digital copies, and discard the paper. Ask a loved one or family member for assistance deciding what needs to be saved, and what can be discarded, and in creating your digital records if necessary.

Keep Work Surfaces Free of Knickknacks
As you did in your living room, sort through souvenirs, gifts, knickknacks and other items that are taking up valuable surface space in areas of your home office that should be used as work space. Install bookshelves for the belongings you want to keep, and remove unnecessary items from the room by putting them in storage, or discarding them.

Organize Office Supplies
Spend time just cleaning and organizing your desk drawers. Discard any office supplies that are no longer functional (who doesn’t have a drawer full of broken pencils, pens that don’t write, and bent paperclips?). Invest in a drawer organizing solution for the items you plan to keep. Make sure the items that you use regularly are easiest to access.  For adults with a memory or cognitive disability, label drawers and bins so that items can easily be found and put away when not in use.

Make Sure Furniture is Accessible
For seniors with arthritis, or individuals with mobility issues, make sure desk drawer handles can be gripped comfortably. For those in a wheelchair, make sure your desk is the proper height for wheelchair use, and know that you may need to replace your existing desk with a wheelchair accessible model.

Create a System for Sorting Mail
Stacks of mail that piles up daily may start to threaten the organization of a tidy office. Create a system for incoming mail that needs to be sorted, and outgoing mail such as bills and personal correspondence. Consider placing designated “in and out” bins on your desk to help seniors and those with memory issues stay organized and address invoices and other items in a timely manner.

Keep a Calendar in a Visible Location
To keep your social calendar, appointments, and other important dates organized and at the forefront of your mind, keep a calendar in your office in a highly visible location. Use it to write down reminders for yourself. They can be anything from loved ones’ birthdays, to reminders to re-order prescription medications—whatever you need to track regularly.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Kitchen
Decluttering your kitchen will not only help you maintain a clean, well-organized home, it will protect you from the risk of illness associated with spoiled or unsafe foods. Follow the tips below to organize your kitchen for safety.

Clean Your Refrigerator and Freezer Regularly
Plan to review the contents of your refrigerator once every month to throw out items that have expired. During this process, wipe down shelves, drawers, and other interior surfaces to remove spills, crumbs, or food particles that could rot over time, creating a risk of bacterial or mold growth. If your loved one suffers from a cognitive/memory, or vision impairment, plan to help them with this process.
Make Sure Important Items are Within Reach
Many kitchens include storage space on upper shelves, cabinets, and above appliances, however, attempting to reach such items could post a fall risk for seniors, or be impossible for an individual reliant upon a wheelchair. Make sure items that you’ll use on a daily basis are within reach and not saved on tall shelves. As you sort through dishes, pans, and serving items, make sure you dispose of any items that are broken or dirty beyond the cleaning power of a dishwasher or strong hands.

Organize Your Pantry
Pantry items typically have longer shelf lives, however for the greatest day-to-day convenience and efficiency, you’ll want to make sure the items you use the most frequently, like cereals, pastas, and canned foods, are in the front row, while items you utilize less frequently, such as baking supplies, are toward the back. As part of your regular refrigerator cleaning, be sure to clean your pantry too, wiping down surfaces to remove crumbs and food debris that could invite ants and other unwanted critters into your pantry.

Put Your Utensils through the Cardboard Box Test
Over time, it can be easy to accumulate utensils, however, for seniors who no longer have children living at home with them, they can typically benefit from eliminating utensils they no longer need to keep drawers clutter-free. Organization expert Peter Walsh recommends putting your utensils through the “cardboard box test” to determine which items you truly need, and which you can dispose of. Walsh suggests that you put all your utensils in a cardboard box. As you need items, take them from the box, and once clean, put them back in your drawer. At the end of the month, any items you haven’t used should be disposed of. Just like you did in your home office, utilize a drawer organizer to keep utensils neatly sorted and easy to find.

Organize Cabinets
Pot and pan lids are pesky items that can easily clutter up cabinets. Attach a magazine rack to the inside of a cupboard to store them. Make sure heavy items, like Dutch ovens, are not saved in cabinets or drawers that could be straining for a senior or adult with mobility issues to reach and lift. If they are used frequently enough, they can be left on top of the counter, but only make this exception for a few very frequently used items to ensure counters don’t become too cluttered. Store small items, such as spices, on a lazy Susan inside a cabinet for easy access and better organization.

Use Your Refrigerator for Reminders
If you or a loved one has a memory or cognitive disability, consider keeping a shopping list, daily to-do list, or checklist of home reminders attached to the front of the refrigerator where they can be seen frequently throughout the day. Also, include a list of emergency contacts, such as the local fire department, pharmacy, and contact information for doctors, neighbors, and family members.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Bathroom
Bathrooms are at risk of being cluttered by small bottles, half-empty tubes, and—of greatest concern—expired and unsafe medications. Keep your bathroom clutter free, and safe, with the tips below.

Clean Your Medicine Cabinet Regularly
A medicine cabinet full of expired medications could put seniors and adults with a vision or cognitive/memory disability at risk. If you or a loved one were to accidentally consume an expired medication, it could lead to a serious health complication. Seniors and disabled adults should plan to clean out their medicine cabinets on a regular basis. Family members and caregivers should be part of this process to ensure the clean-up is done, and done accurately, with the safe disposal of expired items. For the items you keep, make sure they are stored in their original containers, and properly and clearly labeled.
Dispose of Unnecessary Bath Products
If your bathroom cupboard is full of half empty bottles of lotions, sunscreens (a product that will have an expiration date), creams, gels, and other bath products, dispose of all items you are not currently using. Any products that have been stored for a long time may discolor or start to smell, so make sure such items are thrown away.

Store Small Appliances Where They Can be Easily Reached
To assist seniors and adults with mobility issues, make sure small appliances like hair dryers are stored within reach. Don’t put yourself at risk of falling or injuring yourself by reaching down to access them from the back of the under-sink storage cabinet. Consider installing shelves for easy access of such items.

Clean Drawers, Shelves, and Dust Surfaces
A bathroom is a place that can quickly become dirty with dust, powder residues, tiny hairs, and other unsightly dirt and debris. Plan to clean your bathroom regularly, or get help from a loved one, especially if you suffer from a vision, mobility, or memory disability, or arthritis. Make sure the insides of drawers and shelves are wiped down and kept clean and free of molds and other potential illness-causing bacteria.

Organize Your Shower for Safety
Plan to only store bottles, soaps, and other items in your shower that you use daily, and that fit in the space provided. Not only will this declutter the shower area visually, it will help to avoid a slip and fall from bottles that may tumble off shelves or tub ledges, or leak slippery soaps. Also, consider hanging a towel rack inside the tub to minimize the risk of a slip and fall while leaning to reach a towel from a pile on the counter. Also, discard old loofas that could be building up bacteria, and plan to use washcloths that can be regularly cleaned in a washing machine instead.

Organize Small Items
For small, disposable bathroom items that you use regularly, such as cotton balls and swabs, organize them in small baskets or containers on an easy-to-reach shelf for daily use, rather than under a sink or in a cabinet that is difficult to reach.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Laundry Room
Make sure your laundry room is neat, tidy, and that heavy bottles of detergents and cleaners are easily accessible. Follow our tips to better organize your laundry room or designated laundry area.

Store Detergents and Bottles on Easy-to-Reach Shelves
Rather than storing heavy bottles of detergents or cleaners on high shelves or in low cabinets that could be difficult to reach for seniors or adults with mobility issues, place them on conveniently located shelves near the washer and dryer. Consider installing shelves directly above, or adjacent to your appliances for the greatest convenience.

Pre-Sort Dirty Laundry
Consider separate hampers for items such as towels or clothes, or invest in a hamper with compartments that will allow you to pre-sort items. An ideal hamper is lightweight, or on wheels, so that dirty clothes can be easily transferred to your laundry room area without posing a trip and fall risk.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Bedrooms
Like the living room, the bedroom is a place where unnecessary items, books, gifts, and other belongings can quickly pile up, leaving a space seeming cluttered and unorganized. Follow our tips to minimize items stored on tops of surfaces like dressers and nightstands for an overall tidy appearance.

Donate Old Health Supplies
Do you have a drawer in your bedroom cluttered with old pairs of glasses and hearing aids? Keep only your daily use pair, and a spare, and then donate the rest.

Donate Clothing
Parting with clothes can be difficult for many people. Whether you no longer wear an item because it doesn’t fit, it’s out of style, or because it’s just no longer a favorite, there’s always the fear that if you part with it, you may want it back. Work with a family member to donate those clothes that you truly don’t need anymore. If you haven’t worn it in over a year, you likely won’t miss it, and it should go in your “donate” pile.

Declutter with Shelves
Add shelves to your bedroom to store gifts, knickknacks, framed photos, books, and magazines that are taking up space on top of dressers and night stands. Just as you did with your living room, only save those items that are the most meaningful, and that you enjoy using or seeing every day.

Do Not Store Items Under Your Bed
For seniors and adults with mobility or memory issues, do not store items under the bed. Not only is under the bed storage hard to reach, and easily forgettable, it could pose a trip and fall hazard if items are not stored completely underneath the bed.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for Hallways and Staircases
Your hallways and staircases shouldn’t require too much decluttering, but it’s important to understand that for the safety of seniors and adults with vision or mobility issues, these areas must be kept clutter-free to prevent accidents. Make sure hallways are free from furniture items, such as cabinets or small tables, that narrow spaces. Also, make sure carpets and rugs are flat, and that carpets are not peeling up at the corners or in entranceways to help minimize the risks of trips and falls. For hallway closets, put your coats through the same donation test as you did for the rest of your wardrobe. There are always charities in need of donated winter coats, especially in the fall and winter season.

Organization and Decluttering Tips for the Garage, Attic, and Basement
Home storage areas, such as garages, basements, and attics, will likely require the most heavy-lifting from a decluttering perspective, as these areas often become storage spaces for unused furniture, and heavy boxes. Seniors and adults with disabilities should plan to seek the assistance from a family member or caregiver before attempting to declutter these areas alone.

Eliminate Garbage
Start by throwing away or recycling items that are clearly garbage, such as broken pieces of furniture, dirty boxes, half empty containers of cleaning or yard supplies, or miscellaneous building supplies.

Discard or Donate Old Sporting Equipment
Seniors may be holding on to bicycles, skis, tennis racquets, and other sporting equipment that belonged to them in years past, or to their children. If you are no longer in a place where you’re able to use such items, get rid of them and make room in your garage for items you do need to store, like a spare wheelchair or a scooter. If you have some supplies that are still in good condition, consider donating them to a worthy charity.

Install Shelves
Install shelves to store small items, such as small tools and supplies. Organize such items in a toolbox or bins so they can be easily found in the future. Also use your shelves to store seasonal yard or home supplies, like windshield washing fluid or weed killer.

Get Rid of or Store Unused Furniture
If you’ve been storing a bedframe and box spring in your basement for several years, it’s not likely you’ll be needing it anytime soon. Donate it, or throw it away if it’s not in good condition. If you are holding on to valuable pieces of furniture, or family heirlooms, but don’t have room for them in your house, consider putting them in storage with the help of a family member.

Home is where the heart is. You likely feel that every item inside of your home is associated with a meaningful memory. If you feel like decluttering your home is forcing you to part with items you hold dear, remember that belongings are just intangible things, and that removing them from your home will never erase the memory they represent. Even though it can be difficult to declutter your home, once the work is done, you’ll realize that a clutter-free home is easy to navigate, manage, and maintain. Most importantly, a clutter-free home will keep you safe so that you can remain in your home, as long as you choose to do so.

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